Iceland Volcano Erupts; Scientists Checking Area Safety
A volcano in Iceland that was covered by an icecap of a glacier started erupting last Saturday, March 20, and scientists are flying to the area to check if it is already safe for evacuated local residents.
The Eyjafjallajokull (pronounced AY-uh-full-ay-ho-kul) volcano has been dormant since 1821-1823 when it caused a fatal glacier run. Other two recorded eruptions were in 920 and in 1612. In each of these three occasions, it preceded a major eruption from the nearby subglacial volcano Katla.
The volcano shot 0.8 kilometer (half-mile) lava fountains in to the air and ripped a 1 kilometer fissure in the field of ice. Because of the volcanic ash, local and international flights were cancelled Sunday, March 21. There have been no reported incidents, damages or injuries that resulted from the eruption.
Eyjafjallajokull crater measures 3-4 kilometers in diameter.
Iceland is located in an area where two tectonic plates are always pulling apart. Magma will then rush from Earth’s core.