French Culinary Quiz 2023

  1. What is a bouillabaisse? A: Bouillabaisse is a traditional fish stew that originated in the port city of Marseille in the south of France. It is made with a variety of fish and shellfish, as well as vegetables such as leeks, onions, and tomatoes.
  2. What is a croque-madame? A: A croque-madame is a variation on the croque-monsieur, which is a grilled ham and cheese sandwich. A croque-madame is similar, but it includes an additional egg on top.
  3. What is a galette? A: A galette is a type of French pancake that is made with buckwheat flour and typically filled with savory ingredients such as cheese, vegetables, and meat. It is a specialty of the region of Brittany in northwest France.
  4. What is a tarte tatin? A: A tarte tatin is a type of upside-down tart in which the fruit is caramelized in sugar and butter before the tart is baked. The most well-known version is made with apples, but other fruit can also be used.
  5. What is a quiche? A: A quiche is a savory tart made with a pastry crust and a filling of eggs, milk or cream, and cheese, as well as other ingredients such as vegetables or meat. It is a popular dish in France and other parts of Europe.
  6. What is a crème brûlée? A: Crème brûlée is a dessert that consists of a creamy custard base topped with a layer of hard caramel. It is typically made with heavy cream, sugar, and eggs, and is often served with fresh fruit or whipped cream.
  7. What is a cassoulet? A: A cassoulet is a bean casserole that is traditionally made with white beans, pork, duck, or lamb, and served with grilled bread. It is a specialty of the Languedoc-Roussillon region in France.
  8. What is a vol-au-vent? A: A vol-au-vent is a type of puff pastry appetizer that is typically filled with a savory mixture such as chicken, shrimp, or mushrooms in a cream sauce. It is a popular dish in France and other parts of Europe.
  9. What is a coq au vin? A: Coq au vin is a French dish made with chicken braised in red wine, along with lardons, mushrooms, and onions. It is traditionally served with rice or potatoes.

  10. What is a charcuterie board? A: A charcuterie board is a selection of cured meats, cheeses, and other accompaniments, such as olives, pickles, and bread, that is typically served as an appetizer or snack. It is a popular item in French cuisine.
  11. What is a ratatouille? A: Ratatouille is a traditional Provençal stew made with a variety of vegetables, including eggplant, zucchini, bell peppers, and tomatoes. It is typically served with rice or pasta.
  12. What is a soufflé? A: A soufflé is a light, airy dish made with beaten egg whites and flavored with a variety of ingredients such as cheese, chocolate, or fruit. It can be served as a savory or sweet dish.
  13. What is a pâté? A: Pâté is a type of spread or paste made from ground meat, usually pork or liver, mixed with fat and other ingredients. It is a popular appetizer in French cuisine.
  14. What is a confit? A: Confit is a method of preserving food, typically meat, by cooking it slowly in fat or oil. The word confit also refers to the finished product, which is typically served cold.
  15. What is a crème caramel? A: Crème caramel is a dessert made with a creamy custard base and a layer of caramel on top. It is similar to crème brûlée, but the caramel layer is on the bottom of the dish rather than the top.
  16. What is a croissant? A: A croissant is a type of pastry made with puff pastry dough and shaped into a crescent shape. It is a popular breakfast item in France and other parts of Europe.
  17. What is a beignet? A: A beignet is a type of deep-fried doughnut that is popular in France and other parts of Europe. It is typically served dusted with powdered sugar.
  18. What is a crepe? A: A crepe is a type of thin pancake that is popular in France and other parts of Europe. It can be served savory or sweet, and is often filled with a variety of ingredients such as cheese, ham, eggs, fruit, or chocolate.
  19. What is a boule? A: A boule is a round loaf of bread that is typically made with white flour and has a crispy crust. It is a popular bread in France and other parts of Europe.
  20. What is a hachis parmentier? A: Hachis parmentier is a type of French casserole made with ground meat, typically beef or lamb, and a layer of mashed potatoes on top. It is similar to shepherd’s pie.
  21. What is a mousse? A: Mousse is a light, creamy dessert that is typically made with whipped cream or egg whites and flavored with chocolate, fruit, or other ingredients. It is often served chilled.
  22. What is a gratin? A: Gratin is a dish that is topped with breadcrumbs or grated cheese and baked or grilled until crispy. It is a popular method of preparing vegetables, potatoes, and other ingredients in French cuisine.
  23. What is a béarnaise sauce? A: Béarnaise sauce is a rich, buttery sauce made with egg yolks, white wine vinegar, and tarragon. It is typically served with grilled meat or vegetables.
  24. What is a velouté sauce? A: Velouté sauce is a type of French sauce made with a roux (a mixture of butter and flour) and a white stock, such as chicken or veal. It is a basic sauce that forms the base for many other sauces.
  25. What is a demi-glace? A: Demi-glace is a rich, concentrated sauce made by reducing beef or veal stock and a brown sauce called espagnole. It is a common ingredient in many French dishes.
  26. What is a chateaubriand? A: Chateaubriand is a cut of beef taken from the thickest part of the tenderloin. It is typically grilled or pan-seared and served with a rich sauce such as béarnaise or demi-glace.
  27. What is a soupe à l’oignon? A: Soupe à l’oignon is a type of French onion soup made with caramelized onions, beef broth, and white wine, and topped with a slice of bread and grated cheese. It is traditionally served in a crock with the cheese melted on top.
  28. What is a bouquet garni? A: A bouquet garni is a bundle of herbs, typically including parsley, thyme, and bay leaves, that is tied together and used to flavor soups, stews, and other dishes. It is removed from the dish before serving.
  29. What is a piperade? A: Piperade is a traditional Basque dish made with bell peppers, onions, and tomatoes, typically served with eggs or cured ham. It is often used as a topping for crostini or as a filling for omelets or sandwiches.
  30. What is a tarte flambée? A: Tarte flambée is a thin, crisp flatbread topped with crème fraîche, onions, and bacon. It is a popular dish in the Alsace region of France

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